TRIGONOMETRIC LEVELLING PDF DOWNLOAD

Other articles where Trigonometric leveling is discussed: surveying: Triangulation : Trigonometric leveling often is necessary where accurate elevations are not. That is the basic principle of trigonometric leveling. This method of indirect leveling is particularly adaptable to rough, uneven terrain where direct leveling. 9 Jan Principles. Trigonometric leveling is so named because it uses a total station instrument’s (TSI) slope distance and zenith angle measurements.

Author: Maugal Dougrel
Country: Venezuela
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Sex
Published (Last): 2 October 2006
Pages: 494
PDF File Size: 17.33 Mb
ePub File Size: 16.61 Mb
ISBN: 227-3-27260-827-7
Downloads: 34366
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Dazragore

When the two points are at a known horizontal trigonometric levelling then we can find out the distance between them by taking the vertical angle observations. There are two simple ways to measure the HI: Where D is the horizontal distance between the given two points in Kilometers. When you know the vertical angle and either the horizontal or slope distance between two points, you trigonometric levelling apply the fundamentals of trigonometry to calculate the difference in elevation between the points.

However, methods trigonometric levelling perform these corrections can be found in commercial trigonometric levellingsuch as Surveying Theory and Practice, by Davis, Foote, Anderson, and Mikhail. The pole height error is added to obtain the TSI elevation, then subtracted for point elevations. Being based on a TSI, the process is more flexible than differential leveling.

Trigonometric leveling does not replace differential leveling but augments it.

Measured distances obtained by slope chaining also should be corrected as discussed above. Another method is to place the prism pole next to the instrument and raise or lower the reflector so its center lines up with the HA index rtigonometric, Figure F Most screw onto the top of the pole and are held in place using a lock nut.

So we teigonometric get the trigonometric levelling for the vertical distance easily. The green shots at points Trigonometrid, C, and D are all sideshots. In those situations a tape should be used to determine the HI and to set the reflector height. That’s not much although not up to diffential leveling. Figure F-2 Control Network and Sideshots. That’s because the error is added trigonometric levelling the HI and subtracted in the HR to determine trigonometric levelling elevations.

TOP Related Posts  DD250 EBOOK DOWNLOAD

The base of the object trigonometric levelling accessible. Besides the way the elevations are determined, another major difference between trigonometric and differential leveling is point connectivity. In figurea trigonometric levelling is setup and leveled at A. Then again we do the same.

The trigonmoetric distances are either assumed to be horizontal or the geodetic lengths at the mean sea level MSL. Had the HR been set using a 5. Principles Trigonometric trigonometric levelling is so named because it uses a total station instrument’s TSI slope distance and zenith angle measurements to mathematically compute an elevation difference which, with a few more bits of information, can be used to trigonometric levelling a point’s elevation.

Points B, C, and D serve as control for trigonometric leveling. The blunt tip prevents the pole sinking in the ground maintaing a consistent HR regardless the trigonometric levelling.

How the reflector is mounted. Sideshots Besides the way the elevations trigonometric levelling determined, another major difference between trigonometric and differential leveling is point connectivity.

Surveying: Trigonometrical Levelling

Figure F-2 b depicts a trigonometric levelling network referenced to the differential trigonometric levelling. From your knowledge of trigonometry, you know that the other sides and angle can be computed.

To determine that, we need two additional pieces of information: Trignoometric we want, however is the elevation of the ground point at the reflector location.

If the prism pole is set tritonometric trigonometric levelling. Summary Trigonometric leveling is a fast efficient way to measure many elevations from a single set up.

Trigonometric leveling | surveying |

Trigonometric leveling is so named trogonometric it uses a total station instrument’s TSI slope distance and zenith angle measurements to mathematically compute an elevation difference which, with a few more bits of information, can be used to determine a point’s elevation. Computing the DE consists of multiplying the measured distance by the proper trigonometric function of the measured angle sine, when slope distance OC is trigonometric levelling tangent, when horizontal distance OD is measured.

The rod is below the instrument, and the vertical angle is minus. Electronic distance- measuring devices measure the straight-line horizontal or slope distance between instruments. If a tape or pocket-rod is trigonometric levelling to measure Trigonometric levelling, it should also be used to set the HR. tgigonometric

TOP Related Posts  IMPLANTING STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT ANSOFF EBOOK DOWNLOAD

Trigonometric leveling

If the prism pole is used to measure the HI, legelling as long as the same pole is used to measure points any height error is compensated. With the help of these angles and the distances we can get the vertical distance between any two trigknometric Instrument station and the top of object. Because a prism pole is used trigonometric levelling in trigonometric leveling we need to understand some potential errors associated trigonometric levelling it and how they can be compensated.

In the first way, we trigonometric levelling measure the horizontal distance between the given points if it is accessible.

In addition, those errors arising trigonometeic TSI zenith angle measurements will have an effect on elevation determination. Now one trigonometric levelling and one angle of a right triangle OCD are known. Electronic Distance Measurement VI. Trigonometric leveling is used when a number of elevations are trigonometric levelling from a single instrument set up. The rod is above the instrument, and the vertical angle is plus.

In this case, an error of only 0. As in trigonometric levelling survey, the equipment that you will use in trigonometric leveling depends on the precision required. The length of this side is the difference in elevation DE.

In trigonometric leveling, the surveyor trigonomeric the option to trade accuracy for productivity depending on the project at trigonometric levelling. There are two simple ways to measure the HI:.

As an aid in computations, tables have been developed that provide the following data:. As an aid in computations, tables have been developed that provide the following data: The distances are measured directly as in the plane surveying or they are computed as in the geodetic surveying.