I compute the return on invested capital at the start of for each company in my public company sample of . Aswath Damodaran said. January 28, at am by Aswath Damodaran . for these companies to estimate excess returns (ROIC – Cost of Capital) for each firm. Return on Capital or Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) is something I . Aswath Damodaran is an NYU professor and the guru of valuation.

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January Data Update 2: I have spent the last few posts trying to estimate what firms need to generate as returns on investments, culminating in the cost of capital estimates in the last post. Putting both calculations side by side helps exemplify the definition and various drivers a little better.

But if I could look at only one metric about a business to judge the quality of that business- ROIC would be the metric. And I’ve made a high level guesstimate of required cash based on what I know about the businesses.

ROIC – Formula, Examples, How to Calculate ROIC

Note that the traditional definition of Net Working Capital usually excludes cash from the Current Assets but I include damodran in this case because we then subtract out the excess cash.

ROIC basically computes the underlying return that a business earns on its cumulative investments in the business, no matter how those investments are financed.

We respect your privacy no spam ever. For investors, looking at this listing of good and bad businesses inI would offer a warning about extrapolating to investing choices. There is, however, a corporate governance lesson worth heeding.

That said, I have the law of large numbers as my ally.

ROIC = NOPAT / Invested Capital

Download spreadsheet with all margin data. We would want to analyze the ROIC for both companies over multiple years to understand how sustainable it is and how susceptible it is to a cyclical downturn.

Does growth add or destroy value? I broke global companies down into deciles, based upon market capitalization, to see if I could eke out some answers:. A foic things I would say here:.

China, the other big market in terms of population, does not seem to offer the same positive excess returns, and that should be a cautionary note for those who tell the China story to justify sky high valuations for companies growing there. With all the caveats about accounting returns in place, this comparison is one of the most important ones in valuation and finance, for a simple reason. I prefer the asset approach because the denominator consists of the assets that a business has invested in so it is a bit more telegraphic of the core drivers.


This is a research paper that I randomly came across online. I compute the return on invested capital at the start of for each company in my public company sample of 42, firms, using the following judgments in my estimation:. If you want to delve into the details, my condolences, but you can dzmodaran this really long, really boring paper that I have on measurement issues with the return on equity and capital.

Need to understand the core drivers of the calculation. The picture below reports gross, operating and net margins, by sector, for global companies at the start of While the entire sector data is available for both US and Global companies, the rouc below highlights the non-financial service sectors that earn less than the cost of capital:. It also has implications for investing, and specifically for small cap investing, riic investors have historically earned a return premium.

Nonetheless, these assumptions don’t impact the key insights of the comparison very much so I thought it ok for this example.

Aswath Damodaran – January 2018 Data Update 7: Growth and Value

They are likely cheap for a reason- because they generate low returns on capital. Newer Post Older Post Home.

If asked to describe a successful business, most people will tell you that it is one that makes money and that is not an unreasonable starting point, but it is not a good ending point. Compounders and Cheap Stocks. What is driving the higher or lower ROIC and are the right inputs being used? Aswath Damodaran is an NYU professor and the guru of valuation.

If you look at almost every valuation that I have done on this blog or in my classes, a key input that drives my forecast of earnings in future years is a target margin either operating or net.

The profit margins you focus on, to measure success and viability, will also shift as a company moves through the life cycle:.

The Amazon phenomenon, which has so thoroughly upended the retail business, seems to be coming to other businesses as well. To the extent that the market is pricing in investment quality into stock prices, there is a very real possibility that the companies in the worst businesses may offer the best investment opportunities, if markets have over reacted to investment performance, and the companies in the best businesses may be the ones to avoid, if the market has pushed up prices too much.


Small companies constantly earn much more negative excess returns than large companies. Using numbers, 22, companies, representing Some of the sectors that fall into the bad business column did not surprise me, since they have been long standing members of this club.

Spreadsheet with country data. In the table below, I look at excess returns, broken down by region:. It is not damodsran investors who bear the cost of these poor investments but the economy overall, since more capital invested in bad businesses means less capital available for new and perhaps much better businesses, something to think about the next time you read a rant against stock buybacks or dividends.

There is a litany of writing about ROIC by people far smarter on the topic than myself. I’ve made some assumptions here and I can’t say with certainty that all of them are perfectly correct.

I underestimated Alphabet’s offices all over the world and their massive investment in damodarran centers referred to as information technology assets on their BS. January Data Update 3: If companies are taking this maxim to heart and responding accordingly, you should expect to see companies with the highest growth also have the most positive excess returns and the companies that are shrinking or have the lowest growth to be the ones that have the most negative returns.

Thus, you should expect businesses built on patents and exclusive licenses to offer more positive excess returns than businesses where there are no such barriers. I’ve only scratched the surface when it comes to ROIC. Regional and Sector Differences If you accept my numbers, a third of all companies are destroying value, a third are running in place and a third are creating value, but are there differences across countries?